Automate SAP Segregation of Duties Management

Deploy Real-Time Preventive SoD Controls and Violations Monitoring


Comprehensive Segregation of Duties (SoD) controls are a cornerstone of compliance in SAP applications. Strong governance policies are essential to avoid conflicts in high-value transactions that can be detrimental to the organization.

However, managing these controls can be challenging. Auditing and reporting are typically manual, time-consuming tasks. And maintaining consistent SoD controls can be an uphill battle as users’ roles and permissions change often. Given the growing volume and complexity of data, current approaches are becoming unscalable and increasingly costly.

Key Challenges

Multi-Factor Authorization Multi-Factor Authorization 

Static Role-based Policy

Accessible Volume of PII Accessible Volume of PII 

Static Policies

Compromised Reports Compromised Reports 


Limited Data Masking Limited Data Masking 

Manual SoD Controls

Limited Data Masking Limited Data Masking 

Time-Consuming Audits

Limited Data Masking Limited Data Masking 


SAP’s static, role-based access controls can pose limitations that complicate Segregation of Duties enforcement. Any exceptions or role changes that could result in conflicting privileges must be manually addressed by administrators.


Access rights and permissions within SAP applications are natively awarded based on user roles. Role-based access controls are unyielding and static, posing an all or nothing scenario for granting access to users. Without contextual rules and risk-based restrictions, users can freely navigate throughout the applications and execute high-risk transactions.


Role-based access controls (RBAC) require organizations to create multiple roles to assign permissions for different job functions and responsibilities. Over time, without regular manual review of roles and timely deprovisioning of privileges, organizations risk a user acquiring unnecessary, excessive privileges – potentially leading to SoD violations.


Organizations are overlying on manual mitigating controls. When a risk cannot be addressed with existing technical controls, someone must gather, review and address any potential violations. This process is slow, diverts time from regular duties, and can lead to violations being missed.


With existing capabilities, audit reporting must be done manually and can be time- consuming as auditors investigate all user activity in search of any actual violations. Moreover, existing logs lack insight into the contextual data that is necessary to assess risks and fraudulent activity. Lack of relevant data and manual analysis can be prone to errors, unscalable, and increasingly costly.


SoD is one of the basic controls over financial transactions and activity within SAP applications. A SoD violation can put organizations in non-compliance with internal governance, as well as external regulatory policies such as the Sarbanes Oxley Act (SOX). Many regulations often impose strict reporting timelines, and traditional periodic audits can potentially slow down compliance efforts.


Why Appsian?

Appsian helps SAP customers automate Segregation of Duties management with preventive SoD controls and real-time visibility into SoD violations and transaction usage. Rather than analyzing and remediating policy violations in retrospect, Appsian allows you to stop unauthorized user activity in real-time. Centralized visibility into actual SoD violations streamlines the data gathering and reporting process, and avoids false-positives to reduce data review volume by +90%.

Key Features

Multi-Factor Authorization

Data-Centric SoD Policies

Appsian Security Platform uses a data-centric approach to enforce SoD controls. Despite user roles or existing privileges, the context of access, transaction value, and nature of data determines who gains access to what data and what they can do with it.

Real-Time Preventive Controls

Appsian adds an additional authorization layer to SAP GRC Access Control that correlates user, data, and transaction attributes, along with identified SoD conflicts, to block conflicting transactions at runtime.

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Granular SoD Violation Reporting

Appsian provides visibility down to the field level of SAP transaction activity. With this fine-grained visibility, Appsian Analytics correlates user, data, and transaction attributes, along with identified SoD conflicts, to identify and report on actual SOD violations.

Automate SAP Segregation of Duties Management – Solution Brief

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